A welding certification is a qualification test where a prospective welder will perform their welding skills for a certified welding inspector. Through this process, the inspector will determine if the individual can produce a quality weld using the proper welding procedure and follow codes and standards laid out for the specific industry. There are a number of certifications that can be obtained in the welding field. Certain certifications are the type of welding being practiced. Others for the position used, and some to become an inspector or educator.
Certifications Based on Welding Process
One type of certification that you can receive is based on the type of weld process you wish to specialize in. Certifications are available in:
- Stick or Shield Arc Welding: This process uses an electrical current to produce an arc between an electrode and the metal that is being joined.
- TIG or Gas Tungsten Arc Welding: This process uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode to produce a weld and is most often used with thin metals.
- MIG or Gas Arc Welding: This process creates a weld using an electric arc and a MIG wire electrode. This process can be performed using semi-automatic or automatic means.
- Flux Core Arc Welding or Wire Wheel Welding: This process uses a continually-fed tubular electrode that contains a flux.
Welding Certification Positions
You can also obtain certifications in welding positions which will differ depending on whether or not the weldor is performing the weld on a plate or a pipe, Welder certification positions include:
- 1G Plate: Involves a flat plate in a position that is beveled.
- 2G Plate: Involves a plate in a horizontal position that is beveled.
- 3G Plate: Involves a beveled plate in the vertical position.
- 4G Plate: Involves a beveled plate that is overhead.
- 1G Pipe: Involves a pipe in a horizontal position when rolling.
- 2G Pipe: Involves a pipe in the vertical position.
- 5G Pipe: Involves a pipe in a horizontal position that is overhead.
- 6G Pipe: Involves a pipe standing on a 45-degree angle.
Welding Inspector and Education Certifications
For those looking to become inspectors themselves, or get involved with education and training in the welding field, they can obtain certifications to become a:
- Certified Welding Inspector
- Senior Welding Inspector
- Welding Educator
- Resistance Welding Technician
- Radiographic Interpreter
- Welding Supervisor
- Welding Sales Representative
In addition to the above welding certifications, you can also achieve certification enhancements that will show greater expertise in those areas.
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